Rugby is a famous sport and it is a very laborious sport. The origins of rugby from the 15th century. Rugby is governed by rugby laws, not by rules. From that 15th century to the present 20th century, rugby is considered a very popular sport.
Origins of rugby :
Different forms of football have existed for centuries. In Britain, football games may have been played as early as the time of Roman occupation in the 1st century BCE.
During the 14th and 15th centuries CE, Shrove Tuesday football matches became annual traditions in local communities, and many of these games continued well into the 19th century. These localized versions of folks football, gradually found favor within English public (independent) schools.
Where they were modified and adapted into one of two forms :- a dribbling game, played primarily with the feet, that was promoted at Eton and Harrow, and a handling game favored by Rugby, Marlborough, and Cheltenham.
Expansion of the rugby from rugby origins :
For game playing, particularly rugby football, was encouraged at Rugby School by influential Sir Thomas Arnold (1828–1942), who was headmaster. And many boys educated at this time were instrumental in the expansion of the game.
Very soon rugby became one of the most famous and significant sports in the promotion of English and, later, British imperial manliness. The game’s virtues were promoted by books such as Thomas Hughes’s Tom Brown’s School Days (1857).
The cult of manliness that resulted centered on the public schools and the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, where boys were sent to learn how to become young gentlemen. Part of the schoolboy’s training was a commitment to arduous physical activity.
The establishment of rugby :
By the late 19th century, rugby and cricket had become the leading sports that developed the “civilized” manly behavior of the elite.
It was believed that rugby football instilled in the “muscular Christian” gentleman the values of unselfishness, fearlessness, teamwork, and self-control.
Graduates of these public schools and of Oxford and Cambridge formed the first football clubs, which led to the institutionalization of rugby.
Rugby Football Club Formation :
Once they had left school, many young men wanted to continue playing the game of their youth. The early annual matches between alumni and current senior students were not enough to satisfy these players.
Football clubs were formed in the mid-19th century. With one of the very first rugby clubs appearing at Black-heath in 1858. Rugby enthusiasm also spread rapidly to Ireland and Scotland.
With a club founded at the University of Dublin in 1854 and the formation by the Old Boys of Edinburgh of the Edinburgh Academical Rugby Football Club in 1858.
In 1863 the tradition of club matches began in England with Black-heath playing Richmond.
Tried to make rugby rules :
In 1863, representatives of several leading rugby football clubs met. And they tried to make a general rule for rugby football. Disputes arose over handling the ball and “hacking,” the term given to the tactics of tripping an opponent and kicking his shins.
Handling and hacking Both were allowed under rules of rugby’s but disallowed in different forms of football. Campbell of Black-heath, the rugby men refused to budge over hacking, calling those against the practice “unmanly.”
The fact that Campbell’s group was in the minority. But Campbell’s refused to agree to the rules established for the new Football Association (FA). “” Even though many elements of rugby rules were included in early compromises.””
Ultimately, rugby become left outdoor the Football Association(FA). Despite the preliminary reluctance to desert hacking, rugby golf equipment started out to abolish the practice throughout the past due 1860.
Black-heath banned it in 1865, and Richmond supported a similar prohibition in 1866.
Form the Rugby Football Union (RFU) :
Rugby received bad publicity after a Richmond player was killed in a practice match in 1871, prompting leading clubs to respond to Richmond and Black-heath’s call for an organizational meeting.
Thus, in 1871 members of leading rugby clubs met to form the Rugby Football Union (RFU), which became the governing body for the sport.
By this time, hacking had largely disappeared from club rugby, though it remained a part of the game’s “character building” qualities at Rugby School.
As a result of its continued adherence to the practice, Rugby School did not join the RFU until 1890.
Famous rugby players :
As being a popular sports, rugby’s have a lot of famous players. Here is given a short list of famous rugby players.
Bill Clinton (President) :
President Bill Clinton played in England from 1968-1970 and has been called a “rather lumpy, but excellent” second row forward for the Little Rock Arkansas RFC.
George W. Bush (President) :
American President George W. Bush was a rugby player. He played for Yale during his junior and senior years of college.
Russell Crowe (Actor) :
Famous actor Russell Crowe lost his front tooth at the time of playing rugby when he was 10 years old.
He also played for the First XV for Sydney Boys High School, often rated as one of the best schoolboy rugby competitions in the world.
Javier Bardem (Actor) :
Javier Bardem played for the Madrid RFC as a flanker then ended up as a prop. On his love for rugby said, “Being a rugby player in Spain is akin to being a bull fighter in Japan.”
Kris Kristofferson (Musician) :
Kris Kristofferson was not only a rugby player, but also a musician. To be successful everywhere, Chris Christopherson’s fame began to appear on Sports Illustrated’s “Face in the Crowd” cover. He and classmate friends revived the Claremont Colleges Rugby Club in 1958.
Chris Farley (Actor) :
Chris Farley played rugby at Marquette. He wears the jacket in the movie “Tommy Boy”. He showed up to his first practice wearing baggy shorts and a pink polo shirt.
Daniel Craig (Actor) :
Daniel Craig played for the Hoylake Union RFC in England.
Marius Pudzianowski (World’s Strongest Man):
Marius Pudzianowski plays for Budowlani Lodz, a rugby club in Poland. They are the current national men’s rugby champions of Poland.
Nathan Sharpe :
Nathan Sharpe, who was retired, is a professional Australian rugby union player. Before joining Western Force (2006), Nathan Sharpe began his rugby career at the Queensland Reds (1999).
Adam Ashley-Cooper :
Adam Ashley-Cooper is an Australian rugby union player. He plays for Australia, and for the NSW Waratahs in the Super Rugby competition.
Tatafu Polota-Nau :
Tatafu Polota-Nau is an Australian rugby union player.
Benn Robinson :
Benn Robinson is as known as an Australian professional rugby footballer. In the Super Rugby competition, he plays for the New South Wales Waratahs. And he is also played for Australia.
Kurtley Beale :
Kurtley Beale is an Australian professional rugby union footballer of Aboriginal descent. He plays for the New South Wales Waratahs within the Super Rugby competition and represents Australia.
Berrick Barnes :
Berrick Barnes is an Australian professional rugby union player. His usual position is fly-half or internal centre. He’s presently signed with Japanese Top League club Panasonic Wild Knights.
Digby Ioane :
Digby Ioane is an Australian professional rugby union footballer playing for the Stade Français Paris club within the Top 14 competition. He previously played for the Western Force.
Scott Higginbotham :
Scott Higginbotham is an Australian rugby union player. He plays for and currently captains the Melbourne Rebels within the international Super Rugby competition.
Dave Dennis :
Dave Dennis can be a countrywide consultant rugby union footballer who performs professionally for the New South Wales Waratahs.
Sitaleki Timani :
Sitaleki Timani, may be a Tongan-born, Australian professional rugby union footballer. He made his test debut for the Wallabies in 2011. His usual position is lock.
Ben Tapuai :
Ben Tapuai may be a professional rugby player for the Queensland Reds. He grew up in Melbourne.
Will Genia :
Will Genia may be a Papua New Guinean-born, Australian professional rugby union player. He plays scrum-half for the Queensland Reds within the Super Rugby competition. He also plays for the Wallabies.
Last about origins of rugby :
From the history, we know that the origins of rugby is from 15th century. Rugby is now a well-liked sport in many countries of the planet , with clubs and national teams found in places as diverse as Japan, Cote d’Ivoire, Georgia, Uruguay, and Spain. Rugby among women is one among the world’s fastest-growing sports.
At the turn of the 21st century, the International Rugby Board (IRB, founded in 1886 because the International rugby Board), headquartered in Dublin, boasted quite 100 affiliated national unions.
Though at the highest level the game was still dominated by the normal rugby powers of Australia, England, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland, South Africa , and Wales.
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