Rugby is now a most popular game in the world. Rugby is governed by rugby laws, not by rules. It’s played by an oval shaped ball, in a large football field.

Rugby game played by an oval ball between two teams of 15 players (in rugby union) or 13 players (in rugby league). Both rugby union and rugby league have their origins within the sort of football played at Rugby School in England.

rugby laws

Laws for rugby game                    Pic : flickr com

     Rugby Laws :

Rugby is governed by laws, not by rules. During a nutshell, when a tackle is formed in rugby the wants are that the tackler releases the tackled player. Who then releases the ball in order that players who are on their feet can use it.

Advantage simply means when one team makes a mistake the opposite team can attempt to maximize it, rather than the referee immediately stopping the action. If the players can’t maximize the error, play restarts where the first mistake happened.

Specific offside laws exist for various phases of play. But essentially players can’t be involved if they’re ahead of a teammate who last played the ball. Or are behind the ball when the opposition has it.

     Basic rules of rugby :

In 1823, William Webb Ellis, a pupil at Rugby School, defied the conventions of the day. The ball may only be kicked forward to pick up the ball and run with it in a game. Thus creating the distinct handling game of rugby.

This “historical” basis of the sport was well established by the first 1900 s. About an equivalent time that foundation myths were invented for baseball and Australian rules football. While it’s known that Webb Ellis was a student at Rugby School at the time.

There’s no evidence of the particular event’s having taken place, though it had been cited by the Old Rugbeian Society in an 1897, Nevertheless, Rugby School.

Whose name has been given to the game , was pivotal within the development of rugby. And therefore the first rules of the sport that became rugby union were established there in 1845.

rugby laws

How to play rugby                                  Pic : flickr com     

      How to play rugby :

The sport is played with 2 teams, each team consisting of 15 players. Each team can carry, pass or kick the ball to the top zone to attain as many points as possible. The team scoring the greater number of points is that the winner of the match.

The 2 teams compete for 2 forty minute halves with a five minute halftime. One referee controls the match with the help of two touch judges.

There are not any time outs, except at the referee’s discretion where he can allow one minute for an injured player to make a decision whether or to not still play.

Each team is merely allowed seven replacements per game. Six of the replacements are at the teams discretion and a seventh for injury. Once a player is substituted, he can’t rejoin the sport .

The sole time a player can rejoin the sport is that if he was temporarily substituted for a blood injury. But he must return within ten minutes of the substitution or be permanently replaced.

         The sports begins with :

The sports begins with a kickoff which is taken from the middle of the sector. The team with the ball makes every effort to attain a try once the ball is live. A try is scored when a player touches the ball to the bottom within the opponent’s in-goal.

The team is then awarded five points. After a try is scored, the team is given the chance to attain a goal by kicking the shock the opponents cross-bar and in between the goal posts. Scoring a further two points, also referred to as conversion points.

The ball must be kicked from a line perpendicular to where the ball was touched down. If the opposing team commits a penalty at any time, the offended team can attempt a penalty kick for 3 points. Either at the goal or a drop kick at the goal from anywhere within the field of play.

During the sport, players move forward towards their goal, however the ball can’t be passed forward. While moving forward, player must pass the ball backwards to his teammates.

Forward progress of the player carrying the ball could also be impeded by tacking that player. Once a player is tackled, he must immediately pass or released the ball and move faraway from it.

        Duration of Match :

The game of rugby union has 2 periods of 40 minutes in each period. For stoppages, the referee will stop the clock in international matches.

Between the 2 halves, there’s a maximum 10-minute interval, after w hich both teams change ends.

The referee’s whistle indicates the beginning and finish of the half.

Overtime will only be played if it is a knockout competition.

rugby laws

Laws of rugby                               Pic : flickr com

        KICK-OFF :

Before the beginning of the match, the referee tosses a coin to make a decision which team will begin the match.

The captain of the team that wins the toss gets to make a decision which end he wants to attack first, or whether his side or the opposition will begin .

Rugby sport is started by an area kick or a drop kick from the center of the halfway line.

The ball must travel forwards a minimum of 10 meters from the kick-off. If it doesn’t , the opposition get the selection of a scrum or line-out on the halfway line, with the advantage of the feed or throw.

If a penalty or drop goal is scored during the sport, play is restarted with a drop kick from the halfway line. The team takes the kick who has conceded the points.

        The rugby ball by rugby laws :

Rugby union is played with an oval-shaped ball.

All balls must be between 28 cm and 30 cm long (it’s between 11 to 13 inches).

The balls weight must be between 383 and 440 gm (it’s between 13.5 to 15.5 ounces)

        Scoring point :

The aim of rugby is to attain more points than the opposition. this is often wiped out four different ways:

Try: the foremost valuable play is to attain a try, which suggests touching the ball down within the opponent’s in-goal area or on their line . Doing so is worth five points and earns that team the proper to aim a conversion kick.

Conversion Kick: This kick is worth a further two points. The conversion kick is taken from a spot in line with where the ball was originally grounded, so scoring as on the brink of the posts as possible is best.

Penalty Kick: Penalties for various infractions are often wont to take a kick at goal, which is worth three points.

Dropped Goal: A dropped goal, which occurs when the player drops the ball on the bottom then kicks it even as it bounces, is worth three points if it goes through the uprights.

If both teams score an equivalent amount of points, or no points are scored, then the match may be a draw. In some cases, overtime is played to make a decision who wins.

         Common mistakes in rugby :

Offside in rugby : A player is offside in general play if he is in front of a teammate who is carrying the ball in the match. Or in front of a teammate who last played the ball. It’s also illegal to kick the ball to a teammate that’s down-field from the kicker.

Forward pass: An illegal pass to a player who is before the ball, a player isn’t allowed to pass the ball forward to a team-mate.

Knock on: If a player drops the ball ‘forward’, that’s towards the opposing team’s try-line or loses possession of the ball and it goes forward. It’s a scrum is about, with the non-offending team getting the scrum feed.

High Tackle: Tackling the football player above the collar, it’s illegal to tackle round the ears

Playing the Person: Tackling or interfering with someone who isn’t carrying the ball

Shepherding: Interfering with an opponent who is trying to tackle the football player

Failure to Release: Not letting go of the ball when tackled.

Foul play: Play deemed by the referee as being dangerous, obstructive, unfair play or misconduct. The offending player is penalized, possibly sent to the sin bin or even sent off.

       Last about the laws rugby :

Rugby with rugby laws, rapidly spread from its elitist origins in England, Scotland, and Ireland. Also the north of England and in Wales and to the British colonies in South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. And also spread to North America, where it was transformed into a new style of football.


If you want to know more about rugby, then please visit wikipedia. Thanks.

Source : Internet.

Credit goes : Google.